Friends Centennial

Centennial History Publication Committee Column

Ticket Price: Free

With the holidays upon us, what better time to share three Friends recipes from The Collector’s Cookbook published in 1973. Being with friends and family and enjoying good food is surely a recipe for good memories. To enlarge the recipes, click on either image.







This year we have shared in this column grand Friends memories and 100 years of astounding accomplishments. With this in mind, we look ahead with emphasis on celebrating, reuniting with Friends not seen in so long, and appreciating opportunities to build new relationships. As a result, this organization is strengthened and equipped to serve its mission and community in the decades and years to come. Watch for these celebratory centennial events in 2022:

January 20 is the actual 100th birthday of the Friends of the Institute. Celebrate by attending the opening lecture featuring Dr. Eike Schmidt, director of the Uffizi Galleries in Florence. A special luncheon will follow the lecture, honoring descendants of the Friends founding members. Equally exciting will be the first viewing of Friends centennial publication, Friends for 100 Years: A Lasting Legacy. Each Friends member in good standing (meaning those who have recommitted to paid membership) will receive a complimentary copy of this commemorative book.

Luncheon tickets are available now: $75

RSVP by January 6, 2022, by calling 612.870.6323

PLEASE NOTE: Covid-19 Protocol
To help ensure the health and wellness of museum guests
and staff, the Friends respectfully request proof of vaccination or a negative Covid test within 72 hours of the event. Masks are encouraged, especially for those not vaccinated. The Friends of the Institute appreciates your understanding and cooperation.

Friends are encouraged to invite a friend to the February 10 luncheon, an opportunity to celebrate our camaraderie and share the importance of Friends to Mia.

Art in Bloom always brings crowds to Mia in April to enjoy the scents and beauty of extraordinary flower arrangements throughout the galleries. The Cargill Gallery will feature an astonishing exhibition surrounding the beauty of the Friends centennial gift to Mia, Eugene Delacroix’s Still Life with Dahlias, Zinnias, Hollyhocks, and Plums. This promises to be a wonderful chance to experience many of the past AIB images all have enjoyed over the almost 40 years of Art in Bloom.

Carolyn Christian, the first president of Friends, resided in a magnificent home just down the street from Mia that today houses the Hennepin History Museum. In mid-June a “Homecoming” reception will be held there, celebrating early Friends history. Neighborhood walking tours will take place on June 23 and 24.

A garden party at Friends member Martha Head’s Lake Minnetonka home will be held on July 14. The flowers should be glorious this time of year!

Although it is hard to predict when a flower will bloom, we intend to celebrate, sometime in August, the beauty of our very own Friends for 100 Years dahlia cultivated by Larry and Sue Bagge. Nature and beauty cannot be rushed so we will keep you posted.

September brings a visit from American fashion historian Sandy Schreier. Her 20th century fashion collection was recently exhibited at the Met. A wonderful luncheon will follow on September 8. Friends will enjoy a festive cocktail party on September 9 at the University of Minnesota Goldstein Museum of Design in McNeil Hall. Music will fill the gallery as guests delight in viewing curated costumes from the Goldstein Museum of Design collection.

All volunteers are the structure and cornerstone of what makes an organization function and grow. We celebrate the generosity, smiles and hardworking spirit of volunteers with a reception on November 10. Also, what a grand time to acknowledge the history and dedication of our affiliates from Rochester and St. Cloud.

December wraps up our centennial year. We look to the future by hosting Mia’s December 11 Family Day, inviting the community to embrace our year with us. Children are our future as well as an important part of our focus for 100 years in support of the Minneapolis Institute of Art.

Mark your calendars and watch for more details to come. As a reminder, our history publication committee is out of the park excited to finally present our splendid hardbound book to all Friends members in good standing this January. We are assured you will find it a valuable tool to understanding why these 100 years are worth celebrating and why we urge you all to journey into the future with us.

Please renew your Friends membership now in order to receive the Friends centennial publication, Friends for 100 Years: A Lasting Legacy. Call 612-870-6323 or visit this link. The Friends of the Institute appreciates your dedication to this organization as we enter our next one hundred years!

Happy holidays to everyone, and may your days ahead bring good health and peace.

Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne
Connie Sommers

Commemorative Friendship Jewelry

After years of planning, it’s not surprising that Centennial co-chairs Mary Merrick and Pam Friedland are all smiles as they get ready to celebrate 100 years of the Friends. They are decked out in commemorative jewelry featuring our logo rings and excited to share these unique pieces with the Friends.

Pam Friedland and Mary Merrick wearing the Friends necklace and pin. Backdrop painting is by Friends member and artist, Mary Meuwissen titled “As You Wish” (oil and cold wax).
Friends logo necklace








In 1946, philanthropist Alfred Pillsbury gifted Mia with two interlocking Chinese jade rings. They have come to represent the Friends eternal bond of friendship with each other as well as the now one-hundred-year relationship with Mia. Francis McKenzie, then an art student at the Minneapolis School of Art, designed the Friends logo based on the jade rings. You can see the original piece next time you stop in the Friends office—and while you are there, say hello to Friends president, Julie Holland and new operations coordinator, Claire Goulson.

We’ll be celebrating all year in 2022 but these beautiful pieces will last a lifetime.  Wearing them is another special way to affirm the lasting meaning of the Friends, entwined for another hundred years in silver and in our hearts.

The sterling silver rings so masterfully designed as a necklace and pin, were designed for the Friends and are available as a custom order. Preorder the necklace with a 20” chain for $160 or a 24” chain for $170. The signature pin can be ordered for $85.  The applicable MN sales tax will be applied to each purchase. If you are interested in purchasing one of these memorable pieces, please call the Friends office at 612.870.3045 for additional information.

Centennial Luncheon Menu Preview

We are looking forward to seeing many of you on January 20 to celebrate our centennial. Below you will find a preview of our menu.
    • Poached Pear Salad
    • Roasted garlic marinated grilled chicken breast with champagne sauce with wild rice pilaf, carrots & asparagus (GF)
    • Trottole pasta with cremini mushrooms and seasonal roasted vegetables in a roasted garlic cream sauce (vegetarian option)
    • For dessert, we will enjoy Helsinki Cake: Deco’s Famous Scandinavian cake with layers of raspberries, whipped cream, sponge cake, and chocolate mousse.
    • Guests will have the option to have a glass of white wine, and there will be a celebratory sherry toast

Centennial History Publication Column: Stepping Back in Time

Holiday Shopping on the Mind?

In 1956, Friends were asked to be in charge of ordering and sales of artwork reproductions primarily sold at the museum’s Sales and Information Desk. So, it was a natural transition to be asked by then Mia director Richard Davis, to run the museum’s gift shop. Friends agreed to take on this huge responsibility. Until the mid-1990s, Friends managed all hiring, staffing, accounting, selling, buying, and payroll duties for the museum shop. Profits were designated for Mia to cover costs of special projects. At the height of this time period, more than 60 Friends volunteers filled scheduled hours.

To maintain consistency in the duties and performance of volunteers, each volunteer received “The Museum Shop Volunteer Book of Knowledge.” As mentioned in the first page of the manual, “We are not a small shop run ‘for fun.’ We are a major contributor to the Acquisitions Fund of Mia. The Friends are extremely necessary to the well-being of the shop.”

The manual continues with general advice regarding restroom breaks, mentioning a volunteer never goes to the restroom or takes a break when there are 50 people in the shop. Also, volunteers are “never afraid of rain, sleet, snow, spiders, or dust!” In terms of expected attire: “We love to see you looking beautiful, but practicality must reign. Our new carpet is very nice to stand on, but comfortable shoes are a must. The climate of the shop varies quite a great deal. The best way to dress is in layers–you never know—sometimes we take off and sometimes adding on is a necessity.” Food is discouraged in the shop proper, and cigarettes may be enjoyed with the available coffee in the staff lounge. 

The manual continues to state that volunteers are not expected to know everything, but please ask if an answer is needed: “Never lie to a customer—they may know more than we think.” Never express negative comments to a potential buyer trying on jewelry. “We all have different tastes…keep comments in your head. And she who slammeth jewelry drawers, spendeth long hours straightening them!” And most importantly, we all know jewelry is lovely, but try them on while you are not working! And finally, keep those jewelry drawers locked: “We trust no one!”

One additional comment from the extensive volunteer manual recommends volunteers do not shop while on duty. “While you shop, so does the shoplifter. Thanks be to those who do not!”

Lastly, but perhaps most important, the volunteer manual stresses  “development and maintenance of a professional attitude in interactions with customers, staff members, and other museum shop employees. A positive outlook is contagious!”

Over the years, many treasures and gifts have been purchased in the museum’s gift shop to celebrate special occasions.  Now it’s time for Friends to commemorate and celebrate its own treasures on its 100th birthday that will take place on January 20, 2022. What better way to celebrate this milestone than attending the January lecture featuring Dr. Eike Schmidt, director of the Uffizi Galleries in Florence, followed by a ticketed luncheon filled with celebration. At this luncheon, each current Friends member will receive a complimentary copy of the Friends centennial publication, Friends of 100 Years, A Lasting Legacy.

 Centennial History Publication Committee

Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne
Connie Sommers

Delacroix Pledge Update

The Friends of the Institute, in celebration of their 100th anniversary, pledged a gift of $1,050,000 for the Eugene Delacroix’s Still Life in Dahlias, Hollyhocks and Plums (detail), c. 1835.

$1,050,000 goal will bring the Delacroix into full bloom! $747,613 raised to date!




$747,613 raised to date





As the Friends celebrate their legacy with this beautiful gift to Mia in their centennial year, the progress made towards fulfilling our commitment will be featured by bringing the painting into full bloom with generous gifts from you! Thanks to those who contributed $2,000 since last month!

Checks can be made out to “Friends of the Institute” and sent to the Friends office. Please indicate that your donation is for the Delacroix Fund. For gifts other than checks, please contact the Friends Office for assistance by calling 612-870-3045.
Our address is: Friends of the Institute, Minneapolis Institute of Art
2400 Third Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55404

Centennial History Publication Committee Column: Stepping Back in Time

Who Doesn’t Love a Tried and True Recipe?

With the ongoing desire to financially assist the Minneapolis Institute of Arts in 1977, Friends created a committee to develop The Collector’s Cookbook. This 278-page volume showcased recipes from some of the best-known names in the Twin Cities. Business leaders such as Charles H. Bell of General Mills and Philip W. Pillsbury of the Pillsbury Company contributed some of their own favorite recipes.

 Mrs. Sue Zelickson, in charge of cookbook promotions, proclaimed, “We’re going to have a cookbook corner at the Institute and sell cookbooks from museums across the country.” As a matter of fact, when Mrs. Zelickson was scrutinizing cookbooks published by associated organizations, she soon learned of museums she had never known to exist. Her wish was also for the Friends’ cookbook to have the same exposure in other parts of the country. Incidentally, Mrs. Zelickson contributed two of her favorite recipes to the book. Who would not delight in trying her candied pecans or liverwurst pâté? Apparently, whenever there was a party at the museum or a reception, the pâté was requested — clearly a crowd favorite.

Four separate printings of the cookbook produced a total of 25,000 copies sold. It could be found at stores including Jerry’s Foods, Dayton’s, Byerly’s, Polly Bergh in Wayzata, The Cheese Shop, and Penny’s supermarket. The book was available for a cost of $5.95 or a total of $6.60 to include tax and postage.

In 1992, Friends published When Friends Cook, also a favorite of the community. Fundraising was successful as the cookbook was available for sale at B. Dalton Bookseller, The Bookcase and Frost and Budd in Wayzata, Odegaards Books in St. Paul, The Minneapolis Club, Haskell’s, Surdyk’s, Cooks of Crocus Hill, Williams Sonoma, and Lunds. Chef demos and tastings were held throughout the area and Saks even had one of the dessert recipes served in its cafe!

Researching the history of a 100-year-old organization brings into focus how trends change over the decades. Yet a special recipe can remain timeless and nostalgic for so many reasons. Food is enjoyed among Friends and friends alike.

Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne



Stepping Back in Time

Beverage of Choice

As early as the 1950s and 1960s, Friends often gathered in the Friends Fireplace Room when afternoon meetings wrapped up. No doubt some drank either coffee or tea, yet a glass of sherry was often preferred by many. Indeed, sherry was also largely preferred after lectures–so much that to prevent crowds gathering around the table holding the sherry, a practical traffic flow had to be installed. By 1965, rumblings were overheard regarding the quality of the sherry. After much discussion, Friends decided in order to keep the members from further disenchantment, the price of the sherry purchased was increased by twenty-five cents per bottle.

As sherry has such a storied history with the Friends organization, it was obvious that when the Friends history publication was recently completed, a bottle of sherry accompanied the celebration. Some traditions warrant revisiting, often bringing back tales enjoyed by many and prompting all to look toward the future to continue this tradition.

The Friends Centennial Committee is in full gear now. A detailed calendar will follow soon so members may mark their calendars to all celebrate 100 years of great friendship, accomplishments, and pride in all Friends does.

But before the full calendar comes out, know that January 20, 2022, is the opening luncheon and actual 100th birthday for Friends. We welcome Eike Schmidt, director of the Uffizi Museum in Florence, Italy, as he joins us as our guest lecturer.

 At this lecture, each member of Friends will receive the debut copy of Friends for 100 Years: A Lasting Legacy. It should prove to be a wonderful day, all gathering to celebrate a century of Friends.

 Centennial History Publication Committee:

Pamela Friedland, Linda Goldenberg, Mary Merrick, Suzanne Payne, Connie Sommers


Looking back: Peggy Hawks

Remembering a devoted arts volunteer and “beauty with brains” 

Mrs. Stanley (Margaret) Hawks

Friends President from 1946-48

 Mrs. Stanley (Margaret) Hawks was best known to all her friends as Peggy. She was born in Florence, Italy in 1894. Her father, Dr. William W. Baldwin practiced medicine in Florence where Peggy was raised as the youngest of six children. Her death came in 1983. What a life she led in those 89 years!

Peggy married Stillwater native, Mr. Stanley Hawks and began a life of travel and providing goodwill gestures. Stanley was an ambassador to several countries as well as the U.S. Legation Secretary in Guatemala where Stanley and Peggy had the delightful opportunity to meet Charles Lindbergh. Eventually, the Hawks settled back in Minnesota with Stanley, in time, retiring as vice president of the Minneapolis Star & Tribune newspaper. Many tales have been told recollecting the grand Italianate house on Lake of the Isles Boulevard where they resided.

The Minneapolis Times columnist, Brenda Ueland wrote in 1946 of the “Franciscan monastery with iron gates and cloisters and walled gardens on different levels, a rectangular pool full of aquamarine water, and a little tiled pavilion.” Ueland knew the Hawks because, during WWII, the Hawks gave endless parties for Nisei soldiers (second-generation Japanese Americans who fought bravely during WWII, despite moral dilemmas they may have faced) as she took scores of these men under her wings. Peggy also had a special place in her heart for exiled people from Poland, as well as others fleeing Yugoslavia and Germany. Her house was open to so many in need of her open arms. In Peggy’s drawing-room there hung photographs of Chief Justice Hughes and Elihu Root. Root was the former Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt and also the Secretary of War under Roosevelt and President William McKinley. Apparently, Stanley as a young man, was the private secretary to both these gentlemen.

Peggy’s brother, the head of the Herbert Hoover American humanitarian mission in Poland, had offered Peggy the task of food distribution. It was in Poland that Peggy began to see the tragedies associated within this country. She witnessed open boxcars crowded with people dying as the result of Russians sending captured Polish citizens homes. Frustrated that she could not speak the language of these suffering people, Peggy decided to learn the Polish language.

Upon returning to the United States, Peggy met Hugh Gibson, the first U.S. Minister to the new Second Polish Republic. Gibson heard of Peggy’s recent engagement to Stanley and arranged for Stanley to go to Poland for the State Department. There began years in government service for the Hawks. Peggy credits her years in the diplomatic service for teaching her the art of hospitality. She stated she was taught to lift her head, perfect her clothing, her kindness, alertness, and above all learn the importance of responsibility towards others.

Once settled in Minneapolis, Peggy became involved with the Minneapolis Institute of Art and the Friends of the Institute, taking on the job of Friends President from 1946 to 1948. The one event, in particular, she was quite proud of was the Hamlet event at the Lyceum Theater located in downtown Minneapolis held in February of 1948. The Friends were sponsoring the opening night benefit that featured the esteemed Maurice Evans playing Hamlet. Working with event chair, Mrs. Leo (Rosalynd) Pflaum, the benefit raised money to fund color reproductions of some of the most important paintings in the museum’s collection. This was a popular program the museum was quite excited about allowing visitors to purchase these pieces at affordable prices to hang in their homes. Opening night was quite the extravaganza! Peggy arrived wearing a black velvet and gold gown, Rosalynd wore her black gown and mink coat. Minnesota governor Luther Youngdahl arrived with his wife donning a red crepe gown. Minneapolis mayor, Hubert Humphrey and his wife Muriel were also in attendance.  As this event also marked the 25th anniversary of Friends, many loyal and long-standing Friends members attended, such as the Friends first president, Mrs. Carolyn Christian. Again, Minneapolis Times columnist Ueland acknowledged Peggy mentioning the splendid after-party at the Hawks residence. The Hamlet cast was invited to the Franciscan monastery like home with the “snow filling the cloisters and swimming pool, and a worse-than- Danish wind whistling off Lake of the Isles.”

Peggy’s relationship with Rosalynd continued to 1949, with the beginning of WAMSO, the Minnesota Orchestra’s volunteer organization (currently called FOMO.) Rosalynd served as the founding president, as she was unable to convince Peggy to take on the job. Rosalynd and Peggy stated it took two years to convince some of the men on the orchestra’s board that a women’s organization could raise money and be a beneficial partner to the orchestra.

The Minneapolis Institute of Art still occupied a large part of Peggy’s heart. With the passing of her husband, Stanley in 1971, the Stanley Memorial Fund was established. Approximately 86 works of art have been gifted to the museum as a result of this fund as well as gifts from Peggy herself. From Mayan fabrics to a Japanese sword with a snake engraved on it, to a wonderful collection of James Van Der Zee photos, many different cultures and art forms have been enjoyed by so many visitors.

Barbara Flanagan, legendary columnist for the Minneapolis Star and Tribune called Peggy in 1973, “…a beauty with brains plus.” Be reminded of Peggy’s contributions to the city and to the museum as her name and her husband’s name are proudly noted on so many favorite pieces seen in the museum’s collection.

Centennial History Publication Committee
Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne
Connie Sommers

Stepping Back: Dorothy Bridgeman Atkinson Rood 

A look back at a dynamo WWII era Friends President

Dorothy Bridgeman Atkinson Rood was born in St. Paul in 1890. Her distinguished father was the president of Hamline University, and she herself, a graduate of Wellesley College in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Typical of the times, she married young at age  21, to  Frederick Atkinson, 26 years her elder and a milling company executive. Together they raised three children, Mary,  Frederick,  and William. The family lived in a 40 room mansion on five acres atop Lowry Hill, overlooking downtown Minneapolis. This house, built between 1905 and 1907, was formerly known as the Dunwoody Mansion.

Dunwoody Mansion

Demolition of the property occurred in 1967.

While raising her family and married to Mr. Atkinson, Dorothy held prominent positions within the community. At one point, she was a delegate at a conference of University Women held in Poland. Unknowingly, she broke the currency law and found herself imprisoned in Poland. Secretary of State Cordell Hull, fortunately, intervened on her behalf. But previous to his assistance, she refused jailhouse food for two days, surviving on chocolate bars she had carried with her into the prison.

Dorothy Atkinson. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society

Her passion for righteous causes continued through most of the 1930s when she became president of the Minnesota Birth Control League that later became known as Planned Parenthood in December of 1940. Dorothy’s daughter, Mary, described her mother as “strong, outspoken, devoted to the birth control movement. She tended to speak her mind and worked to make contraception available to all mothers who desire and need it.”

Additional interests included the American Association of University Women, where she served as a national officer, president of the Minneapolis Public Library, Board of Trustees of Hamline University, and various boards representing the Minnesota Historical Society, Walker Art Center, and the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. When Dorothy retired from the library board, a Minneapolis Tribune editorial stated, “She will carry into retirement the gratitude of the people of this entire area for her contributions of time, effort, and money to this important institution.”

Continuing with her commitment to the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Dorothy became president of Friends from 1943-1945. These were wartime years, but with Dorothy’s enthusiasm and guidance, Friends remained very relevant.

In 1943 membership stability was imperative even during difficult times. Friends members were encouraged to bring a guest to activities but not the same guest. Coffee was rationed at these gatherings due to the war. 

Dorothy Atkinson

January and February of 1944 brought large crowds from 43 states and 6 foreign countries to visit the Thorne Collection of 37 miniature rooms. Friends of the Institute sponsored this exhibition. The museum even extended its hours to accommodate the crowds. Dorothy exclaimed, “Within these walls, many have found relaxation and coveted diversion.” During those wintry days, Friends were encouraged to once again invite a non-Friend member to tea in the Fireplace Room with the fireplace glowing. This also marked the beginning of the much enjoyed and long-standing Friends lecture series.

By 1945, Friends had grown from its previous 455 members to 514 members. During this time, the by-laws were adjusted to “allow unmarried daughters of museum members to become Friends.” Dorothy was also instrumental in establishing the Louise Phelps Fund, establishing a presence of fresh flowers in the main gallery for all to enjoy.

After Dorothy finished her term as Friends president, she proceeded to become the first president and co-founder of Lowry Hill Homeowner’s Association in 1946. Post wartime found many large homes converted to rooming houses and people fleeing to the suburbs for more affordable housing. Dorothy felt it was imperative to preserve the historic character of the neighborhood with the development of the Association. She and her then-husband sculptor John Rood (Frederik Atkinson had died in 1940) designed a contemporary home at 1650 Dupont Avenue that also housed John’s art studio, becoming the center of many community cultural events for years.

In 1965, Dorothy died unexpectedly from a tragic automobile accident in Tobago, West Indies, where she and her husband had a home. John lived until 1974. The Dorothy Atkinson and John Rood collection of papers are currently housed at Syracuse University. Much of John’s art pieces may be found in Minnesota. One wonderful example is located at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church entryway which displays eight carved figures and 33 prominent carved stones donated by Dorothy and John in 1952, honoring her first husband, Frederick. 

St. Mark’s Episcopal Church. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Kirby.

Dorothy touched many during her many endeavors. Her obituary read, “She encouraged the arts and higher education. She promoted gracious living. She contributed of her means to many enterprises, but her main contribution was herself.”

Friends History Publication Committee
Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne
Connie Sommers


Stepping Back: The first Friends President

First in a series previewing the 2022 Friends Centennial

In just one year, Friends will be celebrating its centennial.  My committee and I have been busy for well over a year producing a book due out at the beginning of January 2022, documenting our extensive history. In our research, we continue to discover stories about the selfless, intelligent, accomplished, and entertaining women leading the way for Friends. Not all of this amazing information can fit into our book so we thought instead, we’d bring you the tales of these legendary people in this column. Smile, laugh, be astonished, and be proud of women strongly connected to our history. 

Carolyn McKnight Christian

 Carolyn McKnight Christian, 1875-1964

 When the much-admired Ethel Morrison Van Derlip died at an early age in 1921, 45 of her fellow community art supporters and friends felt Van Derlip’s legacy needed recognition. On January 20th, 1922, these women officially formed Friends of the Institute in her honor. With Carolyn McKnight Christian herself being a strong patron in the neighborhood and art supporter within Minneapolis, she was selected to become the first president of this cherished organization.

2200 Park Avenue. Photo courtesy of CARLOS GONZALEZ – STAR TRIBUNE

Carolyn was born in Colorado in 1875 to Sumner T. McKnight and Eugenie Manville. Mr. McKnight was in the real estate business as well as the lumber business. His vocation took the family across the Midwest and the West Coast, moving Carolyn 11 times as a child. Eventually, the family settled at 2200 Park Avenue in Minneapolis. 

In 1897, Carolyn wed George Chase Christian. Mr. Christian was the son of Leonora Hall and George H. Christian. George H. and Leonora had lost their oldest son Henry to tuberculosis at the age of 27. Perhaps because of this, Leonora devoted much of her time to supporting the fight against this devasting disease. In fact, they funded treatment camps and hospitals for patients with tuberculosis, engaging in a special interest for afflicted children. George H. Christian, himself involved in the Minneapolis flour milling industry, founded the Citizen’s Aid Society with a $1 million endowment in 1916, soon after his wife Leonora passed away. It was included in the articles of incorporation that patients with TB be treated. Later this Citizen Aid Society developed into the United Way.

2303 Third Ave

In 1917, Carolyn along with her husband George began construction of a three-story mansion at  2303 Third Avenue. The architect, Edwin Hewitt, already famously known in the Twin Cities, designed a home with a mixture of late English Gothic and Renaissance design. In 1919, before the house was completed, George passed away and this left Carolyn with the task of putting the finishing touches on the grand home.

Carolyn lived in the home, with her foster children who she met while traveling with her husband in Paris, until 1957. They had no children of their own but Carolyn also spent a great deal of time with her seven nieces and nephews. She maintained the role of the family matriarch and was often called, “Nana.” Often the home was filled with music, and many concerts were hosted in the fireplace room designed for this purpose. Carolyn’s golden retriever named Dennis would “dance” with Carolyn around the living and dining rooms, adding to the festivities. One of Carolyn’s foster daughters recalled perching at the top of the grand staircase, hearing the doorman announcing the guests for the evenings’ social gatherings. Aside from enjoying entertaining, Carolyn continued to demonstrate her passion for the welfare of the community in countless ways.

Before Carolyn’s death in 1964 at the age of 89, it was her wish to donate her home to the Minneapolis Institute of Art in 1957. Shortly afterward, the home was purchased by the Hennepin History Museum to house an increasing collection of the county’s artifacts. Jack Kabrud, museum curator has mentioned a lingering presence exists in the museum. It is unknown whether or not this is from the historic museum collection or previous inhabitants of the home. Past volunteers and staff of the museum have “experienced pockets of strong, unexplainable scents, and many people—especially women—have gotten a strange, unsettling sensation at the top of the main staircase.”

No doubt, Friends feel the presence of Carolyn Christian when continuing its passion for serving the community and the mission of the museum. Her legacy as Friends’ first leader has set an extraordinary example of generosity and the spirit of giving.

Friends Centennial History Publication Authors

Pamela Friedland
Linda Goldenberg
Mary Merrick
Suzanne Payne
Connie Sommers